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pope innocent viii death

Without cats, the rat population flourished. Yale University Press. On the request of German inquisitor Heinrich Kramer, Innocent VIII issued the papal bull Summis desiderantes (5 December 1484), which supported Kramer's investigations against magicians and witches: The bull was written in response to the request of Dominican Heinrich Kramer for explicit authority to prosecute witchcraft in Germany, after he was refused assistance by the local ecclesiastical authorities,[10] who disputed his authority to work in their dioceses. He had a … Mindful of the origin of his success, Innocent IX supported, during his two months' pontificate, the cause of Philip II and the Catholic League against Henry IV of France (r. 1589–1610) in the French Wars of Religion (1562–1598), where a papal army was in the field. Cats are the #1 rat predators. The pope named two saints during his pontificate: Catherine of Vadstena (1484) and Leopold III (1485). [16], King Ferdinand of Aragon gave Innocent 100 Moorish slaves, who were shared out with favoured Cardinals. Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 29 August 1484 to his death. The secular power can without mortal sin carry out a sentence of death, provided it proceeds in imposing the penalty not from hatred but with judgment, not carelessly but with due solicitude. "During his Pontificate, the glory of the discovery of a new world."). [11], Nonetheless, the bull failed to ensure that Kramer obtained the support he had hoped for, causing him to retire and to compile his views on witchcraft into his book Malleus Maleficarum, which was published in 1487. However, the sultan paid the Knights a large amount to keep Cem captive. After his death. Birthplace: Como, Italy Location of death: Rome, Italy Cause of death: unspecified. Savonarola chastised him[who?] Son of the viceroy of Naples, Battista spent his early years at the Neapolitan court. Soon after his succession he invested Emperor Charles VI with the Kingdom of Sicily and received his oath of … His successor would later turn the building into the Cortile del Belvedere. The pope named two saints during his pontificate: Catherine of Vadstena (1484) and Leopold III (1485). While in Naples he was appointed a Canon of the Cathedral of Capua, and was given the Priory of S. Maria d'Arba in Genoa. Arano Cybo was viceroy of Naples and then a senator in Rome under Pope Calixtus III (1455–58). It was the first papal conclave to be held in the Sistine Chapel. In March 1489, Cem, the captive brother of Bayezid II, the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, came into Innocent's custody. In exchange for maintaining the custody of Cem, Bayezid paid Innocent VIII 120,000 crowns, a relic of the Holy Lance and an annual fee of 45,000 ducats. "During his Pontificate, the glory of the discovery of a new world."). The 1492 papal conclave (6–11 August) was convened after the death of Pope Innocent VIII (25 July 1492). [17] The slaves of Innocent were called "moro", meaning "dark-skinned man", in contrast to negro slaves who were called "moro nero".[18]. To Valori, he had become 'an inert mass of flesh, incapable of assimiliating any nourishment but a few drops of milk from a young woman's breast'.[19]. On the death of Pope Innocent VIII on 25 July 1492, the three likely candidates for the Papacy were the sixty-one-year-old Borgia, seen as an independent candidate, Ascanio Sforza for the Milanese, and Giuliano della Rovere, seen as a pro-French candidate. King Ferdinand I of Naples had supported Cybo's competitor, Rodrigo Borgia. In 1467, he was made Bishop of Savona by Pope Paul II, but exchanged this see in 1472 for that of Molfetta in south-eastern Italy. [16] In the case of Innocent he permitted trade with Barbary merchants in which foodstuffs would be given in exchange for slaves who could then be converted to Christianity. Innocent excommunicated Ferdinand in 1489 and invited King Charles VIII of France to come to Italy with an army and take possession of the Kingdom of Naples, a disastrous political event for the Italian peninsula as a whole. 1455) and his wife Teodorina de Mari (c. Using his influence to provide for […] In season, he hunted at Castello della Magliana, which he enlarged. [6], The papal conclave of 1484 was rife with factions, while gangs rioted in the streets. His grandnephew was Bindo Altoviti, one of the most influential bankers of his time and patron of the arts, being friends with Raphael and Michelangelo. In Rome he became a priest in the retinue of Cardinal Calandrini, half-brother to Pope Nicholas V (1447–55). In Rome he became a priest in the retinue of Cardinal Calandrini, half-brother to Pope Nicholas V (1447–55). His daughter Teodorina Cybo married Gerardo Usodimare and had a daughter. In exchange for maintaining the custody of Cem, Bayezid paid Innocent VIII 120,000 crowns, a relic of the Holy Lance and an annual fee of 45,000 ducats. Saints & Sinners – A History of the Popes. Viewing his brother as a rival, the Sultan paid the pope not to set him free. Innocent XI, given name Benedetto Odescalchi, Roman Catholic Pope from 1676 to 1689, was born at Como on the 16th of May 1611. In March 1489, Cem, the captive brother of Bayezid II, the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, came into Innocent's custody. 1380–? Kramer would later claim that witchcraft was to blame for bad weather. He then developed a fever. Pope Innocent VIII (1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was Pope from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492. Both the papal letter appended to the work and the supposed endorsement of Cologne University for it are problematic. In 1692, Innocent XII issued the papal bull Romanum decet Pontificem which banned the curial office of the cardinal-nephew. Giovanni Battista's early years were spent at the Neapolitan court. Viewing his brother as a rival, the Sultan paid the pope not to set him free. [25] In 1487 he married his elder son Franceschetto Cybo (d. 1519) to Maddalena de' Medici (1473–1528), the daughter of Lorenzo de' Medici, who in return obtained the cardinal's hat for his thirteen-year-old son Giovanni, later Pope Leo X. In 1487, Innocent confirmed Tomas de Torquemada as Grand Inquisitor of Spain. The noted Franciscan theologian Angelo Carletti di Chivasso, whom Innocent in 1491 appointed as Apostolic Nuncio and Commissary, conjointly with the Bishop of Mauriana, was involved in reaching the peaceful agreement between Catholics and Waldensians. Shortly after his coronation, Innocent VIII addressed a fruitless summons to Christendom to unite in a crusade against the Turks. Both the papal letter appended to the work and the supposed endorsement of Cologne University for it are problematic. Sultan Bayezid sent a messenger to France and requested Cem to be kept there; he agreed to make an annual payment in gold for his brother's expenses. Alberto de' Capitanei, archdeacon of Cremona, responded to the bull by organizing a crusade to fulfill its order and launched an offensive in the provinces of Dauphiné and Piedmont. However, in 1503, after the death of Pope Alexander VI, he returned to Rome determined to become the next pope. Innocent VIII Was the First Pope to Acknowledge His Illegitimate Children Openly Cardinal Giovanni Cibo lived a worldly life before the curia elected him Innocent VIII in 1484. Defeated by his brother's armies, Cem sought protection from the Knights of St. John in Rhodes. While in Naples he was appointed a Canon of the Cathedral of Capua, and was given the Priory of S. Maria d'Arba in Genoa. The Italian journalist and writer Ruggero Marino, in his book Cristoforo Colombo e il Papa tradito (transl. Wikimedia Commons Innocent VII, who became pope in 1484, was the first pontiff to openly acknowledge eight illegitimate children, though he … Arano Cybo was viceroy of Naples and then a senator in Rome under Pope Calixtus III (1455–58). In season, he hunted at Castello della Magliana, which he enlarged. [14], In 1486, Innocent VIII was persuaded that at least thirteen of the 900 theses of Giovanni Pico della Mirandola were heretical, and the book containing the theses was interdicted. In order to prevent the election of the Venetian Cardinal Barbo, Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, on the evening before the election, after the cardinals had retired for the night, the Dean of the College of Cardinals, Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere, nephew of the late Pope, and Cardinal Borgia, the Vice-Chancellor, visited a number of cardinals and secured their votes with the promise of various benefices. In 1473, with the support of Giuliano Della Rovere, later Pope Julius II, he was made cardinal by Pope Sixtus IV, whom he succeeded on 29 August 1484 as Pope Innocent VIII. Innocent VIII had lots of illegitimate children. Christopher Columbus and the betrayed Pope) is convinced of this after having studied Columbus's papers for over 25 years. Named bishop of Savona, Italy, in 1467 by Pope Paul II, he was made cardinal in 1473 by Pope Sixtus IV, whom he succeeded. Pope Innocent VIII(Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo(or Cibo), was head of the Catholic Churchand ruler of the Papal Statesfrom 29 August 1484 to his death. Boniface VIII, original name Benedetto Caetani, (born c. 1235—died October 11, 1303, Rome [Italy]), pope from 1294 to 1303, the extent of whose authority was vigorously challenged by the emergent powerful monarchs of western Europe, especially Philip IV of France. Rats were the ones that spread the bubonic plague aka black death. His rule was contested by his brother Cem, who sought the support of the Mamluks of Egypt. ), of an old Genoese family. By July 1492, Innocent had become very skinny. The fact is that he died seven days before the departure of Christopher Columbus for his supposedly first voyage over the Atlantic, raising speculations that Columbus actually traveled before the known date and re-discovered the Americas for the Europeans before the supposed date of 12 October 1492. 1380–? [16] In the case of Innocent he permitted trade with Barbary merchants in which foodstuffs would be given in exchange for slaves who could then be converted to Christianity. In December 1688, Innocent received the diplomatic mission sent to the Vatican by Narai, the King of Siam. Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo) was born in Genoa of Greek ancestry,[1][2][3][4] the son of Arano Cybo or Cibo (c. 1375–c. Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 29 August 1484 to his death. Cardinal della Rovere then met with Borgia, who disliked Barbo and wished to block his election, with an offer to turn their votes over to Cibò, promising them benefits for doing so.[7]. Pope, the title, since about the 9th century, of the bishop of Rome, the head of the Roman Catholic Church. In March 1489, Cem was transferred to the custody of Innocent VIII. Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски. AKA Benedetto Odescalchi. The following year, Pope Innocent supported the barons in their failed revolt. The immediate conflict was not ended until 1494, after Innocent VIII's death. Pope Innocent VIII : biography 1432 – 25 July 1492 In Rome he built for summer use the Belvedere of the Vatican, on an unarticulated slope above the Vatican Palace, which his successor would turn into the Cortile del Belvedere. Pope Innocent XI (Latin: Innocentius XI; 16 May 1611 – 12 August 1689), born Benedetto Odescalchi, was Pope from 21 September 1676 to his death on August 12, 1689. After Innocent XI in 1689, he was buried in St. Peter's Basilica. For more information follow the bold category link. In 1650, he was made Bishop of Novara. He is to date the last pope to take the pontifical name of "Alexander" upon his election to the papacy. [6] The fall of Granada in January 1492, was celebrated in the Vatican and Innocent granted Ferdinand II of Aragon the epithet "Catholic Majesty. 1432 – 25 July 1492 Pope Innocent VIII (; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was the head of the Catholic Church from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492. His tomb at St. Peter's Basilica was sculpted by Filippo della Valle. (Innocent III, DS 795/425) Pope Paul III, 1534-1549. Cem was later sent to the castle of Pierre d'Aubusson in France. Sultan Bayezid sent a messenger to France and requested Cem to be kept there; he agreed to make an annual payment in gold for his brother's expenses. [6] The fall of Granada in January 1492, was celebrated in the Vatican and Innocent granted Ferdinand II of Aragon the epithet "Catholic Majesty. The Italian journalist and writer Ruggero Marino, in his book Cristoforo Colombo e il Papa tradito (transl. [5] After the death of King Alfonso (1458), friction between Giovanni Battista and the Archbishop of Genoa induced him to resign his canonry, and to go to Padua and then to Rome for his education. His grandnephew was Bindo Altoviti, one of the most influential bankers of his time and patron of the arts, being friends with Raphael and Michelangelo. Roman Catholic Pope, 1676-89. In a fairly unimpressive papacy, the elderly pope became the first pontiff to publicly announce that he fathered illegitimate children. After intense politicking by Della Rovere, Cibo was elected pope in 1484. 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